Answer by Jim Ashby:
I know it's not politically correct to acknowledge but the root cause is. I hope the following persuades you of this fact.
The Kingdom of Jordan has been ruled by Hashemites since World War I, when (in 1918) the Hashemite Army (with the support of local tribes) defeated the Ottoman Turks. After World War I, under the British Mandate for Palestine, the Hashemites continued rule of Transjordan. In 1922, Transjordan was recognized as a state, under the British Mandate for Palestine, but remained under British supervision until after World War II (1946) when the U.N. recognized it as a sovereign state.
(Trans)Jordan's largest ethnic group throughout this period (and long before) was — and still is — Palestinians. What this means is that, since the 1917 Balfour Declaration, when the Zionist movement for a Jewish Homeland in Israel got British recognition, the main concern centered on when, where and how the proposed state of Israel would be carved out of the British Mandate for Palestine and what would happen to the affected Palestinians.
The most obvious option was to make Transjordan (representing 80% of the British Mandate) the Palestinian homeland: after all, it was already, ethnically, Palestinian. But the Palestinians vehemently refused because that would leave 20% of the mandate available for Israel. The problem wasn't really the size of the proposed Jewish homeland — it was the existence of any Jewish homeland at all.
Eventually, the Palestinians got Transjordan anyway but many of them stayed put in what was left of the British Mandatory Palestine. We all know the rest. The remaining 20% of territory was divided between local Palestinians and Jews . . . and all hell broke loose.
Israel didn't hold out for a larger slice of the territory. They accepted the tiny 10% of territory. This excerpt is from thewiki:
On 29 November 1947, theadopted a resolution recommending the adoption and implementation of a plan to partition the British Mandate of Palestine into two states, one Arab and one Jewish, and the City of Jerusalem.
The General Assembly resolution on Partition was greeted with overwhelming joy in Jewish communities and widespread outrage in the Arab world. In Palestine, violence erupted almost immediately, feeding into a spiral of reprisals and counter-reprisals. The British refrained from intervening as tensions boiled over into a low-level conflict that quickly escalated into a full-scale civil-war.
So what we have here is a region under foreign rule for centuries: first by Ottoman Turks, then (for a few decades) by the British. After World War II, they finally gained sovereign independence. Was this a time for nation-building? No. It was a time to unite in war against Israel. They had obstinately refused every proposal for a Jewish homeland and, by Allah, there will be no Jewish homeland!
Oops . . . well . . . the nascent Israel may have (repeatedly) kicked Arab ass but that's okay. Arab nations are huge compared to Israel — and they surround the tiny country. They can afford to bide their time and wait until they're stronger (or Israel gets weaker). Then they'll finally wipe Israel off the map — the way it should always have been in the first place.
There's a reason why Arabs won't tolerat any Jewish homeland on Muslim soil: it goes by the name of antisemitism. That's right: antisemitism institutionalized by Muhammad's example and enshrined by sharia law in the guise of.
You see, on Muslim soil, Jews are dhimmi: barely tolerated, inferior, subjugated and supplicant. And, by Allah, that's the way they must stay! The Jewish homeland of Israel is a disgraceful slap to the face of Allah, Muhammad and, by extension, all Muslims. A Jewish homeland, where Jews are free, proud and strong, simply can not be allowed to exist. Period. End of discussion.
Look at the history, ideology, culture and religion of Islam. Then look at the history of the Palestinian Problem. Then you'll see . . . Arab antisemitism is the bedrock source of the conflict. It is the impetus behind all the obstinacy, violence and war. It's Jew hatred. Pure and simple. Israel can't have peace until Arabs finally recognize its right to exist and cease their yearning to wipe them off the face of the Earth.